Bengaluru (known as Bangalore in the past) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. Bengaluru is nicknamed the Silicon Valley of India, Silicon City of India, Garden City, Metropolitan City, India's Most Expensive City, IT/BT Capital Of India. Located on the Deccan Plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bengaluru is the third largest city of India with a population of over 10 million inhabitants.
Though historical references to the city predate 900 AD, a modern written history of continuous settlement exists only from 1537, when Kempe Gowda, who many regard as the architect of modern Bengaluru, built a mud-brick fort at the site and established it as a province of the imperial Vijayanagara Empire. During the British Raj, it became a centre of colonial rule in South India. The establishment of the Bengaluru Cantonment brought in large numbers of migrants from other parts of the country.
Today as a large city and growing metropolis, Bengaluru is home to many of the most well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India. Numerous public sector heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defence organisations are located in the city. Bengaluru is known as the Silicon Valley of India because of its position as the nation's leading IT exporter. A demographically diverse city, Bengaluru is a major economic and cultural hub and the fastest growing major metropolis in India.
The city of Bengaluru experiences a very favorable weather throughout the year. The city is located in the Deccan plateau of southern peninsular India and is situated at a height of 949 meters above the sea level. The warmest month in Bengaluru is April and the coldest month is January. The climate in Bengaluru is basically dry tropical savanna climate. Bengaluru always experiences a very soothing weather with warm summers and cold winters. But neither the summers are very hot, nor the winters are very cold. Rainfall takes place quite often. Bengaluru witnesses the south-western monsoon rains.
The most favorable time to visit the city is during the months of October to February when the climate is highly pleasant. The maximum temperature level at the summer time can rise to 36°C whereas that during winter can even go below 17°C. The average annual rainfall in Bengaluru is 859 mm. The weather in Bengaluru is neither too humid nor too dry. The weather becomes foggy in the early mornings of October to February which is the maximum in the months of December and January. The climatic condition in Bengaluru is very much influenced by the low cloud during the months of June to September.